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The Agent Orange Benefits Act

What is the Agent Orange Benefits Act?
The Agent Orange Benefits Act, Public Law 104-204, became law in 1996. The law established a benefits package for Vietnam veterans' children who were born with Spina Bifida, possibly as a result of exposure of one or both parents to herbicides during active service in the Republic of Vietnam during the Vietnam era. The Agent Orange Benefits Act authorized the Department of Veterans Affairs to provide certain benefits effective October 1, 1997. These benefits include lifetime health care services for Spina Bifida and “any disability associated” with Spina Bifida, a monthly monetary allowance, and Veterans Affairs (VA) vocational training/rehabilitation services. The VA defines Spina Bifida as all forms of Spina Bifida (except Spina Bifida Occulta). In establishing rules to determine the monthly monetary allowance, the VA indicated that “neurological deficit is the main determinant of disability for a person with Spina Bifida.” An estimated 10-20% of the population may have Spina Bifida Occulta; however, Occulta is not considered to have a neurological deficit according to the VA. The Women Vietnam Veterans' Children's Birth Defect Benefits Act is an act modeled after the Agent Orange Benefits Act; however, it only provides benefits to children of women Vietnam veterans whose children suffer from certain types of birth defects, with the exception of Spina Bifida.

Are any VA benefits available for children of Vietnam veterans born with Spina Bifida?
Children of Vietnam veterans born with Spina Bifida are eligible a monthly disability allowance and for vocational training. A monthly allowance is set at three levels, depending upon the degree of disability suffered by the child. VA's Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment program administers a vocational training program to enable a qualified child to prepare for and attain suitable employment. Services may include counseling and rehabilitative services, education, training and employment services. VA pays for the costs of the services up to 24 months depending on need. For more information on Spina Bifida, please visit the VA's web site at or contact your local VA regional office at 1-800-827-1000.

What is the first step in establishing eligibility for VA Spina Bifida healthcare benefits?
Since VA Spina Bifida healthcare benefits are based upon eligibility determinations made by VA regional offices, prospective beneficiaries must first contact a regional office to obtain an Application for Spina Bifida Benefits (VA Form 21-0304). The local VA regional office can be contacted toll-free at 1-800-827-1000. Upon return of a completed application, the regional office will determine eligibility and notify the applicant of the determination.

Upon establishing eligibility through a VA regional office, what is the next step in obtaining VA Spina Bifida healthcare benefits?
Beneficiaries in receipt of a VA regional office Spina Bifida award should immediately contact VA's Health Administration Center (HAC) in Denver, CO, to register for health care benefits. The following information is required: name, address, and telephone number of both the beneficiary and veteran sponsor (and legal guardian when applicable); Social Security number of both the beneficiary and veteran sponsor; and, VA claim number of the veteran sponsor. Registration with HAC can be accomplished by telephone, fax, or mail

The telephone number for Spina Bifida Healthcare Benefits Information/Registration is 1-888-820-1756. The fax number is 1-303-331-7807. The address is VA Health Administration Center, Spina Bifida Healthcare Benefits, P O Box 65025, Denver, CO, 80206-9025

What other assistance is available?
The American Legion Service Officers (DSO) offer free advice and guidance for veterans who need to deal with the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA). This directory provides contact telephone numbers and addresses for the service officers in your area. Direct all correspondence to Department Service Officer. For the directory, please visit or call (202) 861-2700.

The National Veterans Legal Services Program specializes in legal issues and referrals for veterans. For more information, please visit or call (202) 265-8305.

Fact Sheet Resources:

  • American Legion
    Help with Claims and Benefits, Health Issues Line
    202- 861-2700

  • National Veterans Legal Services Program
    PO Box 65762
    Washington, DC 20035
    Fax 202-328-0063

  • VA Health Administration Center
    Spina Bifida Healthcare Benefits Information/Registration
    P O Box 65025
    Denver, CO, 80206-9025

This information does not constitute medical advice for any individual. As specific cases may vary from the general information presented here, SBA advises readers to consult a qualified medical or other professional on an individual basis.