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The effect of gender and joining on the social skills of autistic individudals

The purpose of this study is to find out the effect that different therapies have on the social skills of children and adolescents with autism. More specifically this study will compare individuals who have been a part of a behavioral therapy such as ABA with individuals who have been a part of a play/relationship based therapy such as Son-Rise or Floor Time. Play/relationship based therapies often encourage therapists to join in the child's play thus the purpose of this study is to see how this joining in impacts the social abilities of autistic children and adolescents as compared to those whose therapy regimen does not include a play/relationship based therapy.

Location: Online survey 



SOARS-B (Study of Oxytocin in Autism Reciprocal Social Behaviors)

The ASPIRE Program is currently conducting a research study involving children (ages 3-17 years) with a diagnosis of an autism spectrum disorder. The study is looking at an investigational medication called oxytocin. Oxytocin is administered in the form of a nasal spray. Participants will take fake medication (placebo) or active medication (oxytocin) for 6 months. After the initial 6 months, everyone will get to try the real medication (oxytocin). The study involves monthly visits to UNC. Thinking tests, physical exams, and blood tests are involved.

Location: Chapel Hill, NC - Boston, MA - Seattle, WA - New York, NY 



Sensory Processing in Neuro Developmental Disorders

Stanford Psychology and the Autism and Developmental Disorders Research Program are working together to better understand how children with developmental disorders process sensory information.

We expect that this work will provide clues about developmental disorders and will help the design of diagnostic and therapeutic tools.

Our study involves two or three visits to our lab on campus. We will show participants pictures (stripes, patterns, objects, or faces) on a computer monitor and present sounds while we measure brain-waves. Parent interviews and clinical assessments will also be part of the study.

The entire procedure is non-invasive and safe, and all participants’ information will be kept confidential.

 

Location: Stanford


Improving the Use of Public Library Resources to Benefit Children Diagnosed with Autism

The purpose of this research study is to find out how to best utilize public library resources to enhance the visiting experience for children diagnosed with autism in a way that will benefit both libraries and families.

location: online survey



The Neurophysiology of Multisensory Speech Integration Across Development
The perception of speech is important for social communication and seeing the speaker is an important part of it. Seeing the speaker's face and lips can help us understand his or her message, especially when there is noise in the background. The process of putting together (or integrating) what we see and hear is called "multisensory integration". Multisensory integration is an ability that develops and improves throughout development.
The goal of this research project is to find out how the human brain manages to integrate what we see and hear and how this ability develops from childhood into adulthood. Another important goal is to find out if the brains of individuals on the Autism Spectrum integrate what they see and hear differently. Participants in this project will take part in experiments that measure brain activity while engaged in multisensory integration tasks. We will also conduct some psychological assessments and collect a saliva sample for genetic analysis.


Location:Bronx, NY 



Sensory Integration Therapy in Autism: Mechanisms and Effectiveness

Location: Bronx, NY

The study looks at the effectiveness of Sensory Integration Therapy (SIT) and Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) on improving functional skills in children with Autism. Diagnostic assessments and neurophysiology research are also conducted, in the hopes of identifying therapeutic effects on Autism severity and brain functioning.



Longitudinal Assessment of Infants at Risk for ASD

Location: UCLA

Our research aims to identify brain-based markers of autism during the first year of life in infant siblings of children with autism. Infant siblings are at least twenty times more likely to be diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder than infants with no family history; thus, studying these infants allows researchers to characterize the early cognitive and behavioral profiles of infants who later go on to develop autism.



Infant Sibling Autism Study

Location: Marcus Autism Center, Atlanta, GA

This study examines social engagement in babies with and without a risk of having an ASD. This study also looks at how social engagement influences speech and langugage development to help better understand communication in infants and toddlers. Additionally, this research will also help develop new methods for early identification and treatment for babies at risk for an ASD.



Home Recordings of Infant Speech

Location: Atlanta, GA

The aim of this study is to track the development of spoken communication and social interaction over the first three years of life in typically developing infants and infants at risk of developing Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). By making audio recordings of a child’s home environment every month, we will be able to map out how children learn to speak, and how this process breaks down in autism. The results will help to identify early markers for autism, and may lead to better methods for early diagnosis and treatment for children with ASD.



Having a Sibling with Moderate to Severe ASD:Adolescent Perspectives of the Impact on Friendships

This study’s purpose is to understand the meaning and effect of the sibling relationship on friendships and to gain greater insight concerning how having a sibling with autism potentially affects friendships during adolescence. This is a dissertation study and is being conducted as the final requirement of the researcher's PhD program.

Location: Chicagoland area, Illinois (in person)


Perseverance Screening for Autism Spectrum Disorders in Infants to Facilitate Earlier Identification

We will use perseveration to distinguish high- and low-risk ASD groups. Visual perseveration involves looking to recently attended locations that are unlikely to provide new information. Core symptoms of autism such as repetitive motion, narrowed interests, and missed social cues could have their foundation in perseveration.

We will develop the perseverance task into a screening tool. While we will recruit infants who have an older sibling with ASD and compare them to infants without relatives with ASD, future application includes the ability to test any infant to determine if (s)he has increased perseveration and, therefore, needs full assessment.

This will reduce disparities in when children are diagnosed. The strongest predictor of age of diagnosis is socioeconomic status and having a tool that could screen all infants would reduce disparities so that less affluent families have access to the intervention and services earlier.

LOCATION: Provo, UT or St. Louis, MO

URL:

https://cogdevelopment.byu.edu/ or http://education.byu.edu/autism

 

 



Autism, Caregiving, and Behaviors Study

Location: Telephone Interview

The goal of this telephone interview is to assess general family functioning, responsibilities of family members, and perceptions of adolescent behavior in families who have a male child with autism. Additionally, this study aims to assess autism severity levels in children with autism using a new measure and to examine perception of adolescent behaviors.



Autism Research Studies in Speech and Language

Locations: Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions (Baltimore, Fells Point, New York)

This research is being done to better understand and improve communication, speech, language, behavior and related abilities of individuals with autism and related conditions. The study involves clinical and research tasks designed to measure and to try to improve skills that are fundamental to communication abilities. These may include perceptual (auditory and visual), motor, and conceptual skills and behavioral functions such as activities of daily living, attentiveness, and
cooperation.



Autism Genetics Network, Phase II: Increasing Representation in Human Diversity

Location: Bronx, NY

The study looks at the genetics of Autism, and issues surrounding diagnosis and access to care, in the African American population. African American children with Autism are vastly underrepresented in Autism research. We hope to help reduce this disparity and deepen our understanding of the genetic aspects of Autism in the African American population, in the hope that it will lead to earlier diagnosis and better treatment options.



Expressive Language Sampling Study for Individuals with Autism age 6-23
The purpose of the research is to better understand how the language the individuals with ASD use changes based on the speaking situation. We are interested in how an individual’s language is different when having a conversation, telling a story, or interacting with an adult. We also want to know how language used in these situations changes over time. In the future, it is possible that measures of spoken language production in one or more of these situations may be used to decide if a treatment is helping a child or adult to learn and use language more effectively.

Neurobehavioral Research on Infants at Risk for Language Delay and ASD

Despite tremendous advances being made in our understanding of autism spectrum disorder (ASD}, the average age of diagnosis of an ASD in the United States is >3 years of age, although in some cases a reliable diagnosis can be made as young as 18 months. Given the value of early intervention. it is imperative we identify children who will be diagnosed with an ASD as early in life as possible. Our goal is to find signs that suggest risk tor this disorder between infants with an older sibling with an autism spectrum disorder, typically developing infants, and those displaying developmental concern based on early differences detected on a screening tool



Eye-tracking Assessment of Passive Viewing in autism spectrum disorder (ASD)

Brief Summary of Study’s Purpose: The University of Georgia’s Child Attention and Autism Research/Evaluation (CAARE) Lab is conducting a study about social attention in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and typically developing children. We are interested in examining how children with ASD and typically developing children attend to different types of pictures. If you agree to participate in the project, we will ask you to send us photos of people and objects your child is familiar with. Then we'll ask you to come to our lab for a one time visit that includes:

• Completing questionnaires about your child

• Children with ASD will complete some diagnostic activities with a researcher

• All children will also look at some pictures on a computer while we use an

eyetracker

We hope that the knowledge gained from this experiment will help to improve interventions targeting social attention in children with ASD in the future.



Genetics of Neurodevelopmental Conditions

The purpose of this study is to identify one or more genetic variants that may cause autism and other neurodevelopmental conditions.

Location:  limited to including families who reside in/around Iowa.



Multimodal imaging of early neural signature in autism spectrum disorder

We’re looking for families with 18-26 months old toddlers who have a (provisional) diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder, or social and communication delays, to participate in a new research study of early brain development in San Diego, California. The goal of this NIH-funded brain imaging study project is to identify brain markers of risk for autism.

We will ask you to visit an MRI research center, where we can obtain images of your child's brain, while she or he is naturally asleep. The scans will take place late in the evenings when your child is usually asleep. MRI is non-invasive and completely safe, and can provide us with critical information about how your child's brain is developing at this critical period when autism symptoms first emerge (in comparison to children with no such diagnosis).

Location(s) where study is being conducted: San Diego, CA

URL where study information can be found:

http://sci.sdsu.edu/bdil/web/EARLY_BRAIN_SIGNATURE_in_ASD.html



 



The Autistic Brain Over 45: The Anatomic, Functional, and Cognitive Phenotype

We’re looking for adults age 40 to 65 years who have Autism Spectrum Disorder or Asperger’s Syndrome to participate in a new research study in San Diego, California.

This project will fill a large gap in our current knowledge of ASD with virtually nothing known about brain and behavioral changes after age 40. Participants will take part in cognitive testing and an MRI scan. Volunteers must live in the San Diego area, be able to follow verbal instructions, and be able to hold still for an MRI scan. Participants will be paid for participating.


Location(s) where study is being conducted:  San Diego, CA

URL where study information can be found: http://www.sci.sdsu.edu/bdil/web/Adults_with_ASD.html

 



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